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What causes bleeding on ovulation day?



Table of contents

  • What is Ovulatory Bleeding?

  • Causes of Ovulatory Bleeding

  • Normal Ovulatory Bleeding Quantity and Characteristics

  • If you experience irregular bleeding, consult your doctor first.

  • Prevention of Irregular Bleeding through Lifestyle


What is Ovulatory Bleeding?

Ovulatory bleeding is bleeding that occurs around the time of ovulation. Ovulatory bleeding begins a few days before ovulation and often stops as the woman enters the luteal phase.


Causes of Ovulatory Bleeding

There are two main reasons why bleeding occurs during ovulation.


(1) Bleeding due to the process of ovulation

In the process of ovulation, a follicle breaks through the surface of the ovary (ovulation). At this time, the ovary is ruptured, resulting in bleeding.


(2) Bleeding due to changes in hormonal balance

Just before ovulation, the secretion of estrogen (which is the follicle hormone) decreases, causing the endometrium to peel off more easily, which results in bleeding. This is said to be the main reason for ovulatory bleeding. After ovulation, estrogen secretion increases again, the environment of the endometrium is restored, and the bleeding stops.


Quantity and Characteristics of Normal Ovulatory Bleeding

Normal ovulatory bleeding is characterized by the amount and duration of bleeding, although the color of the blood varies from person to person.

The characteristics of normal ovulatory bleeding are as follows


  1. Bleeding in small amounts and very slight adherence to underwear

  2. Bleeding within 3 days before or after ovulation

  3. Occurs irregularly, not monthly

It may be accompanied by pain called ovulation pain, which is sometimes confused with period pain, but this also subsides after ovulation.

On the other hand, if none of the above applies, and the bleeding is heavy, or is not around the time of ovulation, or occurs regularly, then it may be an unusual irregular bleeding.


If you have irregular bleeding, consult your doctor first.

If you experience irregular bleeding, do not judge the symptoms on your own, but consult a doctor first. In addition to hormonal imbalance caused by lifestyle disorders, diseases of the uterine organs are also suspected. If left untreated, cervical cancer, endometriosis, or uterine fibroids can cause infertility and may worsen into life-threatening symptoms. Symptoms of irregular bleeding vary from person to person, and it is dangerous not to easily judge that "it is only a small amount of bleeding, so it is OK.


Preventing Irregular Bleeding through Lifestyle

Hormonal imbalance caused by lifestyle disorders and excessive stress can easily lead to irregular bleeding. To prevent irregular bleeding, the following three points should be kept in mind on a regular basis.


Be aware of regularity of life

To prevent irregular bleeding, a regular lifestyle is fundamental. Try to go to bed early and get up early, and eat three nutritiously balanced meals a day. Moderate exercise is also effective in activating the autonomic nervous system and regulating hormonal balance. Taking the stairs, walking one stop, walking or strolling are all effective.


Stress can be a major cause of hormonal imbalance.

Accumulated stress can cause hormonal imbalance. Relieve stress frequently by enjoying hobbies and the soothing aroma of aromatherapy and bath salts.


It is important to make it a habit to take your basal body temperature and to have regular checkups with a gynecologist.

Above all, it is important to know your physical condition in order to prevent irregular bleeding. Keep a basal body temperature and monitor your menstrual cycle. To know your body, it is also important to have regular gynecological checkups. Early detection of a disease can lead to early treatment.

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